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Why Medical Marijuana Should Be Legal Argumentative Essay

The History of Medical Marijuana

Medicinal Uses of Marijuana in Ancient Times

Cannabis has been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years. The first recorded use of marijuana for medicinal purposes dates back to ancient China, where it was used to treat a variety of ailments such as pain, nausea, and inflammation.

Marijuana in Western Medicine

Marijuana was introduced to Western medicine in the 19th century, and it was commonly used to treat a variety of medical conditions such as pain, insomnia, and seizures. It was even available in pharmacies in the United States until the 1940s.

The Criminalization of Marijuana

The criminalization of marijuana began in the early 20th century in the United States. The first laws against marijuana were passed in 1937 with the Marihuana Tax Act. This act imposed a tax on the sale of marijuana and made it illegal to sell or use marijuana without paying the tax. In 1970, the Controlled Substances Act classified marijuana as a Schedule I drug, making it illegal to use, sell, or possess.

The Benefits of Medical Marijuana

Pain Management

One of the most significant benefits of medical marijuana is its ability to help manage pain. Marijuana has been shown to be effective in treating chronic pain caused by conditions such as arthritis, multiple sclerosis, and cancer.

Nausea and Vomiting

Marijuana has also been shown to be effective in treating nausea and vomiting caused by chemotherapy treatments.

Mental Health

Medical marijuana has been used to treat mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression, and PTSD. It has been shown to have a calming effect on the mind, and it can help reduce symptoms of anxiety and depression.

Neurological Disorders

Medical marijuana has been shown to be effective in treating neurological disorders such as epilepsy, Parkinson’s disease, and multiple sclerosis. It can help reduce symptoms such as seizures, tremors, and muscle spasms.


Medical marijuana has also been used to treat addiction to drugs such as opioids. It can help reduce withdrawal symptoms and cravings, and it can be an effective alternative to opioids for pain management.

The Arguments Against Medical Marijuana

Addiction and Abuse

One of the main arguments against medical marijuana is that it can be addictive and abused. However, research has shown that the addictive potential of marijuana is relatively low compared to other drugs such as opioids.

Impaired Driving

Another argument against medical marijuana is that it can impair driving ability. While it is true that marijuana can impair cognitive function and reaction time, it is not clear how much of an effect it has on driving ability.

Mental Health Risks

There are also concerns about the mental health risks of marijuana use, particularly in young people. However, research has shown that the risks are relatively low, and marijuana is not a major risk factor for mental health problems.

The Legalization of Medical Marijuana

State Legalization

As of 2021, medical marijuana is legal in 36 states in the United States. This has allowed patients with a variety of medical conditions to access marijuana as a treatment option.

Federal Legalization

Despite the widespread legalization of medical marijuana at the state level, it remains illegal under federal law. This has created a number of challenges for patients, doctors, and dispensaries.

The Future of Medical Marijuana

As support for medical marijuana grows, there is a growing call for federal legalization. This would allow for greater research and regulation of medical marijuana, and it could help ensure that patients have access to safe and effective treatments.


Medical marijuana has a long history of use as a treatment for a variety of medical conditions. While there are some concerns about its potential risks, the benefits of medical marijuana outweigh the potential drawbacks. As more states legalize medical marijuana, it is becoming increasingly clear that it is a safe and effective treatment option for patients in need.

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