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Do Edibles Decrease Fertility?

What are Edibles?

Edibles are food products that contain cannabinoids, the active compounds in marijuana. They come in different forms, such as gummies, chocolates, and baked goods, and are consumed orally. Edibles have gained popularity among both recreational and medicinal users because they offer a discreet and convenient way to consume cannabis.

How do Edibles Work?

When you consume edibles, the cannabinoids are absorbed into your bloodstream through your digestive system. The liver metabolizes the cannabinoids into a more potent compound called 11-hydroxy-THC, which can cross the blood-brain barrier more easily and produce a more intense and long-lasting high than smoking or vaping.

What are the Effects of Edibles?

The effects of edibles can vary depending on the dosage, the type of cannabinoids, and the individual’s tolerance and metabolism. Generally, edibles take longer to kick in than other forms of cannabis consumption, usually 30 minutes to 2 hours. The peak effects can last for 4 to 8 hours or even longer, depending on the dose and the individual. Edibles can produce a more sedative and body-focused high than a cerebral and euphoric high.

Can Edibles Decrease Fertility?

The effects of cannabis on fertility are a subject of debate and research. Some studies suggest that cannabis use can affect reproductive health in both males and females, while others argue that the evidence is inconclusive or conflicting. However, there is no clear evidence that edibles, specifically, can decrease fertility in humans.

What Does the Research Say?

A few studies have investigated the effects of cannabis consumption on male and female reproductive systems. According to a review article published in the Journal of Fertility and Sterility, cannabis consumption can affect the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis, which is responsible for regulating sex hormones and reproductive functions. Cannabis use can decrease the levels of luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and testosterone in males, and alter the menstrual cycle and ovulation in females.

However, the studies that examined the effects of cannabis on fertility have mainly focused on smoking or vaping cannabis, not edibles. There is a lack of research on the specific effects of edibles on reproductive health, and more studies are needed to establish a clear link, if any, between edibles and fertility.

What Do Experts Say?

According to Dr. Jennifer Conte, an obstetrician-gynecologist and cannabis expert, edibles are not likely to affect fertility, as they are metabolized differently than smoked or vaped cannabis. In an interview with Weedmaps, she stated that edibles are “not going to have a direct impact on eggs or sperm or the reproductive system in general.” However, she cautioned that using edibles excessively or in combination with other drugs or alcohol could still have negative effects on overall health and well-being, which could indirectly affect fertility.

Similarly, Dr. Jordan Tishler, a Harvard-trained physician and cannabis specialist, told Healthline that he had not seen any evidence suggesting that edibles can decrease fertility. He noted that edibles are “a safe and effective means of consuming cannabis” and that they might even have some benefits for reproductive health, such as reducing pain, anxiety, and inflammation.

What Are the Risks of Edibles?

While edibles might not directly affect fertility, they still carry some risks and side effects that users should be aware of. These include:


Edibles can be more potent than smoking or vaping cannabis, as they deliver a concentrated dose that takes longer to take effect. Users should start with a low dose and wait for at least 2 hours before consuming more, as the effects can be delayed and unpredictable.

Digestive Issues

Edibles can cause digestive issues such as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and abdominal pain, especially if consumed in large amounts or on an empty stomach. Users who experience these symptoms should stop using edibles and seek medical attention if necessary.

Cognitive Impairment

Edibles can impair cognitive functions such as memory, attention, and judgment, especially in high doses or in inexperienced users. Users should avoid driving, operating machinery, or engaging in any risky activities while under the influence of edibles.

Addiction and Dependence

Edibles, like other forms of cannabis, can be addictive and lead to dependence or withdrawal symptoms. Users who use edibles regularly or excessively should seek professional help if they cannot control their use or experience negative consequences.


In summary, there is no clear evidence that edibles can decrease fertility in humans. While some studies suggest that cannabis use can affect reproductive health, most of the research has focused on smoking or vaping cannabis, not edibles. Experts believe that edibles are unlikely to have a direct impact on fertility, but caution that using edibles in excess or in combination with other drugs or alcohol could still have negative effects on overall health and well-being. Users should be aware of the risks and side effects of edibles and consume them responsibly and in moderation.

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